While Georgia’s child labor law was written in 1878, the Fair Labor Standards Act, or FLSA, was put into place in 1938. The state will always concede to the more stringent laws when there is disagreement between the two sets. But how exactly does Georgia handle workers under the age of 18 in the first place?
According to the Georgia Department of Labor, or GDOL, there are many restrictions and guidelines set on workers who are not yet 18, and employees must observe them. The GDOL oversees all businesses employing underage workers and inspects any possibility of illegal activities or violations of the child labor laws. Employees must also undergo review of their Employment Certificates in order to ensure that no violations are being made.
Federal restrictions can be found with the United States Department of Labor. They include various factors regarding underage employment that have been put in place to maintain the health and well-being of any underage workers. For example, the minimum age for employment is generally 14. Likewise, minors under 16 usually have restricted working hours. Meanwhile, all minors below 18 are prohibited from working in jobs that are determined to be hazardous to their health. This includes mining, working with power tools or equipment, and excavation.
Essentially, all employers should be sure to review the child labor laws of both the federal government and their state government before employing any minors. This can help keep them out of potentially dicey legal waters while simultaneously ensuring the health, safety and continued education of their underage employees.